A website is a collection of web pages and related content that is identified by a common domain name and published on at least one web server.
Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML) is the backbone of any website development process, without which a web page does not exist.
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) controls the presentation aspect of the site and allows your site to have its own unique look. It does this by maintaining style sheets which sit on top of other style rules and are triggered based on other inputs, such as device screen size and resolution.
There are two types of websites : static and dynamic.
A static website does not require web programming or database design. Static is the most basic form of website and are the most simple to create and are perfect for small scale sites.
Dynamic Website (also referred to as a database-driven site) requires web programming and database design. A dynamic website contains information and content that changes, depending on factors such as the viewer of the site, the time of the day, the time zone, or the native language of the country the viewer).
The content of your site (text/images) is stored on a database. When the information is updated or changed within the database, it changes on the site. A dynamic web application such as a news application or a blog requires instant and frequent updating of web pages. For such an application, altering and creating a new HTML page is a tedious task. This is where a database comes into the picture and eases a developer’s life.
Not only retrieval and updating of data, but a database also helps in authentication which is observed in websites having a login and signup functionality. Such websites display customized web pages based on the logged in user. MySQL has been ranked as the most popular relational database in existence. It is open-source, extremely easy to use and has been widely accepted by several companies and websites.
The back end web development refers to the main and important server-side parts of the application, which live on the server. The back end stores and serves program data to ensure that the front end has what it needs. This process can become very complicated when a website has millions of users. Back-end developers use programming languages like Java, Python, and Ruby to work with data.
Full-stack developers are comfortable working with both the front and back ends.